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Ranunculus.]                      FLORA INDICA.                                     35

DISTBIB. Europa omnis! Asia temperata! Groenlandia.

JSerda erecta, raznosa, ^-1-pedalis, glabra vel puberula, multiflora. Folia radicalia
plenunque indivisa inciso-crenata, rarius tripartita, interdum abortiva.

"We Have introduced this species into our list on the authority of some very im-
perfect specimens collected by Mr. Griffith in Afghanistan. We have done so
mainly for the purpose of calling the attention of travellers in the Himalaya to this
species, in order that they may institute a search for it in the woods of the temperate
region of these mountains in early spring. It is our impression, from a survey of
numerous specimens of this and closely allied species, that R. $edatijidu& or affinis,
and all its forms, as well as JJ. alortivus, of America, are only varieties of R. aurico-
musf and that R. polyr&izus, Stev., is the alpine state of the same plant. R. montawust
L., seems a very imperfectly-defined plant, consisting of the dwarf states of R. acris and
bulbosust and occasionally also of R. auricomus: The main distinctions between R.
auricomits and R. Inrtellus are the undivided radical leaves, the large size of the
achenia of the former, and their forming a globose capituluinj and an examination of
the degree of variation of the Indian species in these points would probably throw
much light on a very difficult question.

14. R. nivalis (L. Sp. 778); caulibus 1-floris, foliis radicalibus re-
niformibus 5-7-partitis, caulinis sessilLbus 3-5-partitis, sepalis ellipticis
dorso dense fusco-villosis.—DO. Syst. i. 273, Prod. L 35; JR. Br. in
Parry's 1st Voy. App. 264 5 Ledeb. M, Ross. i. 36; Tomy et Gray, M.
N. Am. i. 20.

HAB. In Himalaya alpina: Sikkim, alt. 153000 ped.! (Tankra Pass).
—(v. v.)

DISTRIB. Europa, Asiaj et America arctica! in America in montibus
scopulosis ad lat. 52° descendit.

Radix crassa, perpendicularis. Planta. pusflla, 1-2-pollicaris. Folia radicalia
pcdatim 5-7-partita, semipollicaria, segmentis obovatis vel oblongis, lateralibus tri-
lobis. Caulis superne villosus, pWifoliatus. Folia caulina basi late membranaceo-
dilatata, coiiformia, supremum sessile 3-5-partitum. Sepala elliptica. fetala obovata,
sepalis vix longiora. Achenia non auppetunt.

This little plant, which is unfortunately not in a sufficiently advanced state for ac-
curate determination, may be referred provisionally to R. nivalis, L., to -which R.
Altaicus of Laxmann, and R. Eschscholtzii of Schlechtendal, should apparently be
united. The above description refers to the Indian plant only.

15. R, sceleratos (L. Sp. 776); glaber, foliis radicalibus renifor-
mibus tripartitis, sepalis reflexis, acheniis in capitulum oblongum con-
gestis obovatis non compressis.—DC. Prod. \. 84; Don, Prod. 195;
Eoyle! 111. 53 ; Ledeb. Jl. Łoss. i. 45 ; Torrey et Gray, M. N. Am. i.
19. E. Indicus! Roxb. M. Ind. ii. 671; Wall. Cat. 4699 ! K. .carnosus,
Wall, in Hb. 1824. Hecatonia palustris, Lour. M. Cock. Chin. 371.
HAB. In Indise borealis planitie ubique in arenosis prope aquam,
secus Indum, Grangem, et Brahmaputra flumina, et in Hiinalaya occiden-
tal! subtropica, sed vk supra 5000 ped. ait., a KashmirV ad Kumaon!;
et in Malwal ad ripas numinis Nerbada, Rottler in &b. Eoyle! (in Pe-
ninsula deest.)—(PL Tebr. Mart.) (p. t?.)
DISTRIB. Europa tota, Asia temperata, China (Loureiro), Africa bo-
realis, America temp, usque ad lat. 67°.
Herba annua, erecta, 1-3-pedalis, glabra vel apicc suinmo interdum subpuberuk,